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Published: 2017/8/10

Last Updated: 2017/8/10

The sign clusters of the massless Gaussian free field percolate on $\mathbb{Z}^d$, $d \geqslant 3$ (and more)

We investigate the percolation phase transition for level sets of the Gaussian free field on $\mathbb{Z}^d$, with $d\geqslant 3$, and prove that the corresponding critical parameter $h_*(d)$ is strictly positive for all $d\geqslant3$, thus settling an open question from arXiv:1202.5172. In particular, this implies that the sign clusters of the Gaussian free field percolate on $\mathbb{Z}^d$, for all $d\geqslant 3$. Among other things, our construction of an infinite cluster above small, but positive level $h$ involves random interlacements at level $u>0$, a random subset of $\mathbb{Z}^d$ with desirable percolative properties, introduced in arXiv:0704.2560 in a rather different context, a certain Dynkin-type isomorphism theorem relating random interlacements to the Gaussian free field, see arXiv:1111.4818, and a recent coupling from arXiv:1402.0298 of these two objects, lifted to a continuous metric graph structure over $\mathbb{Z}^d$.