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Published: 2017/8/10

Last Updated: 2017/8/10

Effective Asymptotic Formulae for Multilinear Averages of Multiplicative Functions

Let $f_1,\ldots,f_k : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be multiplicative functions taking values in the closed unit disc. Using an analytic approach in the spirit of Hal\'{a}sz' mean value theorem, we compute multidimensional averages of the shape $$x^{-l} \sum_{\mathbf{n} \in [x]^l} \prod_{1 \leq j \leq k} f_j(L_j(\mathbf{n}))$$ as $x \rightarrow \infty$, where $[x] := [1,x]$ and $L_1,\ldots, L_k$ are affine linear forms that satisfy some natural conditions. Our approach gives a new proof of a result of Frantzikinakis and Host that is distinct from theirs, with \emph{explicit} main and error terms. \\ As an application of our formulae, we establish a \emph{local-to-global} principle for Gowers norms of multiplicative functions. We also compute the asymptotic densities of the sets of integers $n$ such that a given multiplicative function $f: \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \{-1, 1\}$ yields a fixed sign pattern of length 3 or 4 on almost all 3- and 4-term arithmetic progressions, respectively, with first term $n$.